MM Standards & Benchmarks
Mainstage Musical (9-12)
The Mainstage Musical offers cross-curricular arts education and training to high school students. It also provides valuable performance experience and unique, differentiated instruction tailored to the needs of every student. The multiple curricular areas and applicable standards and benchmarks are listed below. Not all standards and benchmarks are addressed in every opportunity, but a significant number of standards and benchmarks within multiple disciplines are represented.
Standard 1: Singing
Students sing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music.
9-12.1.1. Sing with expression and technical accuracy.
9-12.1.2. Sing music written in four or more parts, with and without accompaniment.
9-12.1.3. Sing in small ensembles with one student per part.
Standard 2: Instrumental Performance (Orchestra only)
Students perform on instruments, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music.
9-12.2.1. Perform on an instrument, alone and in small and large groups.
9-12.2.2. Perform with expression and technical accuracy on a string, wind, percussion, or classroom.
Standard 3: Improvisation
Students improvise melodies, variations, and accompaniments.
9-12.3.1. Improvise stylistically appropriate harmonizing parts.
9-12.3.2. Improvise rhythmic and melodic variations.
Standard 4: Composition
Students compose and arrange music within specified guidelines.
*This standard is not applicable in Mainstage Musical
Standard 5: Reading Music
Students read and notate music.
9-12.5.1. Know how to read a score of up to four staves.
Standard 6: Listening
Students listen to, analyze, and describe music.
9-12.6.1. Know the uses of the elements of music in the analysis of compositions representing diverse genres and cultures.
9-12.6.2. Understand technical vocabulary of music.
Standard 7: Evaluating Music
Students evaluate music and music performances.
9-12.7.2. Evaluate a given musical work in terms of its aesthetic qualities.
Standard 8: Music and Other Disciplines
Students understand the relationship between music, the other arts, and other disciplines.
9-12.8.1. Know how artistic elements and processes are used in similar and distinctive ways in the various arts.
9-12.8.2. Understand the ways in which the principles and concepts of various disciplines outside the arts are related to those of music.
Standard 9: Music, History, and Culture
Students understand music in relation to history and culture.
9-12.9.2. Know sources of American music, the evolution of these genres, and musicians associated with them.
9-12.9.3. Know various roles that musicians perform and representative individuals who have functioned in each role.
Standard 1: Dramatic Literature
Students comprehend a wide variety of dramatic literature.
9-12.1.1. Know elements of dramatic literature.
9-12.1.3. Understand the impact of choice of medium.
Standard 2: Acting
Students use fundamental acting skills.
9-12.2.1.Understand the physical, emotional, and social dimensions of characters found in dramatic texts from various genres and media.
9-12.2.2. Know various classical and contemporary acting techniques and methods.
9-12.2.3. Know how characters as an ensemble communicate with audiences.
Standard 3: Production
Students use fundamental production skills.
9-12.3.1. Use technical elements to design a production plan for a scene or play.
9-12.3.2. Perform publicly and house management duties.
9-12.3.3. Manage a technical element of a scene or play.
Standard 4: Cultural Context of Drama
Students understand drama’s role in cultural and human experiences.
9-12.4.1. Know the historical, social, and cultural factors that influence the theatre.
Standard 5: Consumer of Theatre
Students understand how to be knowledgeable consumers of theatre.
9-12.5.1. Understand the relationship between production elements and the director’s interpretation of the playwright’s script.
9-12.5.2. Understand the relationship of background research for a production to the audience’s comprehension and enjoyment of the production.
Standard 6: Drama and Human Development
Students understand the role of theatre in human development.
9-12.6.1. Use Understand how drama influences the development of creative thinking skills, critical thinking skills, and social skills throughout one’s life.
Standard 7: Drama and Other Disciplines
Students understand the connections between drama and other disciplines.
9-12.7.1. Know how elements of drama are used in similar and distinctive ways in various arts.
9-12.7.2. Know the ways in which drama influences other disciplines.
9-12.7.3. Know the ways in which other disciplines influence drama.
Standard 1: Movement Elements
Students understand the role of movement elements and skills in dance.
9-12.1.1. Use appropriate technique in dance.
9-12.1.2. Know complex steps and patterns from various dance styles and traditions.
9-12.1.3. Understand the importance of using various complex time elements.
9-12.1.4. Understand the principles governing combinations and variations in a broad dynamic range.
9-12.1.5. Understand why it is important to project in dance.
Standard 2: Choreography
Students understand choreographic principles, processes, and structures.
9-12.2.1. Understand the importance of structures and forms of movement.
9-12.2.2. Understand the use of improvisation to generate movement.
Standard 3: Dance and Meaning
Students understand dance as a way to create and communicate meaning.
9-12.3.1. Understand how movement choices are used to relate abstract ideas and themes in dance.
9-12.3.2. Understand how interpretation of dance can be influenced by personal experience.
Standard 4: Dance and Thinking Skills
Students apply critical and creative thinking skills in dance.
9-12.4.1. Establish a set of aesthetic criteria for evaluation.
9-12.4.2. Formulate and answer aesthetic questions.
Standard 5: Dance, History, and Culture
Students understand the historical development of dance and its relationship to various cultures.
9-12.5.1. Know the similarities and differences among various contemporary theatrical forms of dance.
9-12.5.2. Know dance pioneers as an index to the artistic and social values of civilization.
9-12.5.3. Understand how dance and dancers are portrayed in contemporary media.
9-12.5.4. Know the traditions and techniques of classical dance forms.
Standard 6: Dance and Personal Wellness
Students understand the connection between dance and personal wellness.
9-12.6.1. Know how lifestyle choices affect dancers.
Standard 7: Dance and Other Disciplines
Students understand the connections between dance and other disciplines.
9-12.7.1. Know how dance is similar to and different from other disciplines.
9-12.7.2. Know how technology can be used to reinforce, enhance, or alter dances.